Tips & tricks

These posts discuss a variety and tips and tricks to help you in the clinic.

Tip: Check the nails

Unsure if a patient is scuffing or dragging hind limbs? Check out this tip!

Neurologic clues in thoracic limb lameness

It can be difficult to determine whether a patient with thoracic limb lameness has a musculoskeletal or neurologic disorder, especially since many patients, especially medium to large breed dogs, have concurrent musculoskeletal and neurologic disorders. Thorough neurologic and orthopedic exams are essential. This post lists the many clues from the neurologic exam that suggest the disorder is neurologic in origin.

Pain...what's in a name?

Many textbooks and instructors recommend testing patients for superficial and deep pain sensation in the limbs. However, we’re not actually testing our animal patients for pain sensation. Instead, we’re testing nociception and observing a behavioral response that we interpret as pain. Yesterday’s “neuro words for nerds” post on nociception explains the difference between nociception and pain. Today's post discusses superficial vs. deep "pain" and provides important tips for testing nociception in spinal cord patients.

Bunny-hopping gait

Simultaneous advancement of the pelvic limbs ("bunny-hopping gait") is a relatively common gait abnormality. Do you know the 3 primary causes for bunny-hopping in dogs & cats?

Tips & tricks: If I had a hammer...

Obviously, it’s always best to use a reflex hammer when testing reflexes, but what to do when you don’t have a reflex hammer on you? Click on the post title to read more.

Tips & tricks: Two-engine gait

Gait analysis in veterinary neurology is all about "pattern recognition." If you see the same gait over and over, you will eventually be able to immediately narrow the list of possible lesion locations just on gait alone. One gait abnormality is the "two-engine gait..."

Tips & tricks: 3 types of ataxia

Gait and body posture analysis are an incredibly important aspect of the neurological exam. You can often determine where the lesion is located just by analyzing the patient's movements and posture. Did you know that there are 3 types of ataxia?

Improved patient videos

They say a picture is worth a thousand words. But, in neurology, a video is priceless. Here are some tips for you and your clients to take better videos of your patients.

Differentiating lumbosacral vs. hip pain

It can be difficult and frustrating at times to determine whether a patient has lumbosacral (LS) or hip pain. Click on post title above to read more in this Tips & Tricks post.

Checking for neck & back pain

NeuroPetVet recommends checking for spinal pain as the last part of the neurological exam...Click on the post title to read more.

How "twitchy eyes" help you localize

Here is a tip to help you better localize the lesion based on the phase of nystagmus...Click on post title to read more.

DON'T flex that pain in the neck!

Never flex the neck of a young toy and small breed dog when checking for neck pain, especially dogs less than 3-4 years of age.